Female breasts are a symbol of femininity and tenderness. In pursuit of her beautiful, neat form of the representative of the beautiful half of humanity adhere to special diets, refuse breastfeeding, perform daily exercises, but forget about the health of the mammary glands. Meanwhile, the breast reacts to any changes. If a woman has disorders in the work of nervous, reproductive systems, there are hormonal disorders, various diseases, for example, fibroadenoma of the breast, are possible.
What is fibroadenoma
What is fibroadenomatosis of the breast? This disease is classified according to the ICD-10 directory. According to the classification, the fibroadenoma of the breast is a hormone-dependent tumor, which can be detected by self-examination of the breast. It is formed from glandular tissue, it is a small seal in the size of a pea. Fibroadenoma is typical for girls and young women, it is easy to distinguish from other diseases. Such a breast tumor in women is benign.
- The adenofibroma of the breast has a smooth surface, it is easily displaced.
- Painful sensations in case of illness are possible, but extremely rare.
- In the case of the phyloid( leaf-shaped) form of the fibroadenoma of the mammary gland, the tumor has a lobed structure and consists of multiple nodules woven together.
- When adenofibroma increases in size, the skin over it becomes stretched, acquires a cyanotic hue.
This type of education in the chest is considered the most dangerous, it can develop into breast cancer. There is also intrakanalikulyarnaya form of breast fibbedenoma: it is characterized by heterogeneity of the structure of the tumor and fuzzy contours. The most common was mixed adenoma of the mammary glands. It combines features of leaf-shaped and intracannular shape. When mixed, the tumor grows around the duct and inside it.
To date, it has not been determined exactly what causes a benign breast tumor. Its development is affected by diseases of the liver, ovaries, disruptions in the endocrine system, obesity. The emergence of pathology is associated with hormonal disorders. This happens:
- during puberty;
- during pregnancy;
- in menstrual cycle disorders;
- because of uncontrolled reception of contraceptives;
- due to the use of emergency contraception;
- due to frequent abortions;
- for refusal of breastfeeding.
Diagnosis of the mammary gland
How to detect a breast tumor and identify fibroadenoma? It is recommended to perform the palpation of the breast from time to time. First, you need to consider yourself in the mirror, paying attention to any changes. Secondly, it is important to check whether there are changes in the nipples and around them. In addition, it is advisable to feel the chest in prone position. The puncture, which is performed for cysts and other formations, is performed under the control of an ultrasound device. To diagnose a breast tumor, doctors use:
Methods of treatment
Medicine considers breast adenofibromus a kind of nodal mastopathy. Although it is a benign neoplasm, it must be treated. The main method is surgery. Without treatment and medical intervention, adenomatosis of the breast does not pass. Treatment with folk remedies and conservative methods is possible only if small tumors are detected. If the diagnosis is established reliably and the neoplasm is large, only the surgical method is effective. The decision on whether or not to remove the breast fibroadenoma takes a mammologist.
Official medicine does not approve of treatment with folk remedies, but it makes sense to try some methods. Sometimes they are the only true solution, especially if the size of the tumor does not exceed 1 cm. When neoplasms appear in the chest, it is permissible to drink some broths of herbs, but under the supervision of a doctor. Consider one of the most popular tools:
- grind, mix and put in a saucepan for 50 g. Hips, St. John's wort, fresh pine buds, wormwood, 200 g chagi;
- pour water( 3 liters.), Bring to a boil, leave to languish for a couple of hours, reducing fire;
- wrap the container with the decoction of the quilt;
- after 24 hours strain;
- add 200 grams of cognac, aloe juice, introduce bee honey( 500 g);
- take infusion 1-3 months: in the first week to 1 tsp. Every day, then - for 1 tbsp. L.before meals.
If fibroadenosis is constantly growing, increases in size and provokes edema of nearby organs, it is large, experts recommend removing it surgically. In practice, two methods are used: resection and enucleation. The first involves the removal of the tumor along with part of the mammary gland. It is used for suspected cancer if fibrotic adenoma of the breast is diagnosed. In the second method, only the neoplasm is removed. Modern clinics for treatment use a laser.
The operation is performed under general anesthesia or local anesthesia. The choice of the location of the incision depends on the location of the fibroadenoma of the mammary glands. When resection, the doctor makes a cut directly above the tumor, with enucleation - on the areola of the nipples, in the axillary region or over the tumor. The next step is removal of the tumor, suturing. The duration of the operation can vary from 20 to 60 minutes. The postoperative period after removal of the tumor in the chest is occasionally accompanied by swelling, tenderness. After removal of fibroadenoma, compaction occurs, but extremely rarely.
Table of cost of removal of a fibroadenoma of mammary glands
|Removal of a fibroadenoma of a breast||Price||Comments|
|in Russia||Varies within the limits of 10000-30000 r.||The final cost is affected by the status of the clinic, the qualifications of the physician conducting the operation, the comfort of the situation.|
|in Israel's clinics||Varies from $ 2000 to $ 20,000||Israel has a huge experience in removing fibroadenomas of the breast, after surgery there is little chance of complications and undesirable consequences.|
|at university clinics in Germany||The average operation costs from 2 000 € to 5 000 €||If the surgical intervention is performed by a specialist with a scientific title, the cost of removing the tumor grows many times.|
If a localized fibro-adenomatosis of the breast is diagnosed, a woman should not stay in the sun for a long time and visit a solarium. Contraindicated local massage, any strong effect on the chest. Negatively, the course of the disease is affected by prolonged depression, frequent stress, physical overstrain. It is necessary to avoid frequent intake of hot baths.
Video: indications for removal of fibroadenoma
The decision to remove the local breast tumor is made based on the diagnosis data. If after ultrasound and histological examination it is not possible to accurately determine the disease, sectoral resection is performed. Indications for curing the tumor with surgery are a large size of the breast fibroadenoma( not less than 5 cm), its increased growth over several months, the patient's desire, pregnancy planning. See the video below for more details.
Asya, 27 years old: At the age of 16, she felt for a small knob in her right breast. After ultrasound, the doctor diagnosed diffuse fibro-adenomatosis, similar to a disease like cystadenopapilloma. Has advised operation. I did not feel how to cut the skin and squeeze the tumor out of my chest, but it was unpleasant. Went to dressings, slept in a bra, drank "Promysan".
Irina, 19 years old: 2 years ago, I received a terrible diagnosis for me - fibroadenoma of the right breast. They explained that, unlike mastopathy, the disease itself would not pass, agreed to an operation. There was a thin seam, then he dissolved himself. There was no scar on his chest. The operation itself cost 15 thousand rubles. Now nothing hurts - I do not like to remember about fibroadenoma.
Olga, 29 years old: 5 weeks ago, I was removed from the pericanalicular benign tumor of the left breast. Operation I do not remember. I want to tell you about the postoperative period. The breast does not hurt, but it hurts to sleep on the stomach. Sutures were removed after 2 weeks, when they themselves began to resolve. The skin on the chest at the site of the cut is reddish, the seams are almost invisible - I use ointment.