Signs of sinusitis in adults
- Jun 22, 2018
We often with frivolity concern a long rhinitis - a pier, no trouble, banal cold, itself will pass. This neglect leads to the fact that many patients miss the signs of genyantritis in adults - a serious and dangerous with their complications of the disease. Let's understand what is genyantritis and its symptoms, how to recognize and cure this disease, without allowing complications. Armed with knowledge about prevention methods and be healthy!
Causes of sinusitis
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the maxillary( maxillary) sinus is called a sinusitis. This disease arises as a result:
- disturbs normal nasal drainage due to congenital or acquired features of the anatomical structure of the nasal cavity;
- infection with pathogenic viruses, bacteria;
- allergic rhinitis;
- of untreated dental diseases;
- complications resulting from improper, incomplete treatment of rhinitis, ARVI, influenza;
- regular body hypothermia;
- decreased immunity.
What is the mechanism of the disea
First symptoms in adults
If the nose refuses correctly, breathe freely, it is better to be safe and check if you have any symptoms of antritis in adults. At the beginning of the disease, you feel a general malaise, lethargy. The first signs of sinusitis - when there are unpleasant sensations of fullness, heaviness in the nose, in the nose or above the eyes. These areas become painful when pressed, the pain shoots when the head is tilted down.
Gradually the whole head starts to hurt, clear localization is lost. The nose is laid, in connection with which breathing is difficult, the patient is nasal, speaks in the nose. Allocations in the common cold are mucous membranes or purulent, but the disease sometimes passes without this symptom, if the outflow from the sinuses is difficult. In the acute phase of maxillary sinusitis, patients have a high body temperature - rising to 38 degrees and above.
Types of sinusitis and their signs
The classification of this disease is diverse for reasons of origin, area of damage, severity of leakage. So, one-sided inflammatory process( localized on one side of the face) is distinguished, but more often there is bilateral sinusitis. With it, both the left and right paranasal sinuses are infected, and the symptoms are equally pronounced on both sides of the face.
Inflammation of the maxillary sinuses for causes of occurrence is classified into:
- infectious - caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi;
- is an allergic - a chronic disease characterized by periodic exacerbation as a reaction to the pathogen;
- atrophic - causes a slowdown in the functioning of the mucous membrane of the sinuses;
- vasomotor - develops when the vascular engine is broken; it proceeds chronically;
- exudative - a purulent form of the disease;
- necrotic - during the disease, tissue necrosis occurs in the sinuses.
What are the signs of maxillary sinus after the inflammation? The stages of the disease are similar, so it is often difficult to diagnose a particular form. Today, physicians distinguish acute and chronic sinusitis, but other types of this disease have been identified in the medical literature. It is important to know the differences in the signs of sinusitis in adults with different forms of the disease.
Signs of sinusitis in adults at acute stage are pronounced. The pain in the region of the maxillary sinuses becomes constant, the eyes are watery, and photophobia appears. Body temperature rises above 38-39 degrees. Consistency and color of discharge from the nose consistently changes: first they are transparent mucous - this is catarrhal sinusitis, then they become greenish, which indicates an inflammatory stage, and when the disease continues, when purulent, the purulent yellow becomes purulent. The stage of acute sinusitis lasts 2-4 weeks.
If you ignore, do not treat the first symptoms of the disease, the inflammatory process develops and passes into a subacute form - a transitional between the acute and chronic process. This stage lasts from 3-4 weeks to 12, with the symptoms of sinusitis smoothed and similar to colds, exacerbations are rare, which greatly complicates the correct diagnosis.
Talking about chronic sinusitis costs when the disease lasts more than 12 weeks. During this period, the symptoms of the disease are more flattened, but they are periodically exacerbated. The headache almost does not appear in the morning, but by the evening it grows and swelling becomes visible under the eyes. There is an unpleasant smell from the nose and a feeling of bursting of the face. The main sign of sinusitis in adults at this stage is a dry night cough caused by the flow of purulent masses released from the affected sinus, along the back wall of the nasopharynx.
The diagnosis of "recurrent sinusitis" is made in the case of periodic transition of the chronic form to acute more than 4 times a year. It is distinguished either by sharply and sharply resuming normal symptoms, or by a new symptomatology. To prevent the disease from returning again and again, after the completion of the treatment process, take a control image of the maxillary sinuses. It is checked that there is no accumulation of pus in them. Doctors, by experience and by photo, know what a "pure" X-ray should look like.
How is the diagnosis of
Having identified the symptoms that are suitable for signs of sinusitis, for a specific diagnosis, contact a specialized medical institution. Establishing an accurate diagnosis begins with a survey. First, a superficial examination is performed, in which the specialist reveals swelling within the nose and reflex expansion of the vessels.
To confirm the diagnosis, hardware methods are used: x-ray of the sinuses of the nose or their computed tomography, in exceptional cases - diaphanoscopy( examination with the help of a light beam).When the diagnostic methods do not fully confirm the diagnosis, they make a puncture( puncture) of the maxillary sinus. A sample of mucus is taken for laboratory analysis, performing a culture for sensitivity to antibiotics.
Than to treat a genyantritis at adults
That in short lines to win illness and to avoid relapses, to treatment of a genyantritis approach in a complex. The doctors influence the causes of the disease and the symptoms. Antibiotics for sinusitis in adults - the main component of treatment. They act on the foci of infection, help stop its spread. The doctor determines the type of pathogen and, depending on this, selects the drugs. If mucus does not go away, mucoleptics are prescribed as ancillary medicines for sinusitis in adults. They help to dilute the contents of the sinuses, improve the outflow.
In medical institutions for cleaning the cavities of the maxillary sinuses make the procedure "cuckoo", which is carried out as follows. The patient lies on his back, through one nostril a special solution is poured into him, and the accumulated mucus is sucked from the other. In order not to choke, you need to constantly repeat "ku-ku-ku", because this is an unusual name for medical manipulation. A good folk remedy to remove stagnant purulent discharge at home is to wash the sinuses of the nose with such solutions:
- 1/2 teaspoon of the kitchen salt add to 1 cup of warm boiled water.
- 1 teaspoon of sea salt and 1/2 teaspoon of soda well stir in a glass of warm water.
For better patency of the solution before washing the nasal cavity, it is recommended to use vasoconstrictive sprays, for example, "Tizin", "Naphtizin".To remove the symptom of congestion, nasal drops are used. Common restorative effect on the nasopharynx organs is provided by aromatherapy - inhalations with medicinal herbs: mint, eucalyptus, sage, lavender.
In extreme cases, if the therapeutic effect is not achieved, surgery is performed by puncturing the maxillary sinus. It is made for pumping pus and administering drugs. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. Sometimes, before the patient is fully recovered, catheters are inserted into the puncture sites to allow rapid medical manipulation.
Possible complications and consequences of sinusitis
Inflammation of the mucosa of the maxillary sinuses is an insidious disease, dangerous due to its complications. If you let the course of the disease on its own, the purulent discharge spreads to surrounding tissues, to nearby nerves, to the teeth, the orbit. In especially severe cases, the membranes of the brain are affected. Chronic sinusitis is often the cause of angina, laryngitis, tonsillitis, osteomyelitis of the upper jaw. In acute phase, the disease causes neuritis of the trigeminal nerve. With the professional treatment of the inflammatory process, the risk of such consequences is small.
Video: how to treat genyantritis at home
With the timely detection of signs of genyantritis in adults and the appointment of appropriate drugs by a competent specialist, treatment of this disease can take place in an outpatient setting. Learn from our video useful advice of an otolaryngologist about the rules for diagnosing and diagnosing ailment, how to treat it and prevent nasopharyngeal health: