Inflammatory bowel disease( IBD) is the second most common gastrointestinal disease. They suffer from people of different ages and gender. In the IBD, inflammatory processes occur on the mucosa of different parts of the intestine. How does the inflammation of the bowel symptoms and treatment of this disease effective means? On the main causes of this disease and its methods of diagnosis, read on.
Causes of inflammation of the intestine
The intestine consists of 3 parts: duodenum, thick and small intestine. This body takes part in digestion and the work of the immune system. Under the influence of various negative factors, the death of mucosal cells begins in the weakened part of the intestine, which leads to an increase in blood circulation in this area, the onset of pain. Due to inflammation cells of this organ can not secrete enzymes, absorb nutrients. Because of this, there is a violation of the intestine. IBD occurs for the following reasons:
- Infection( bacteria, viruses, protozoa).O
- Helminthiasis( infection with worms).Overeating and malnutrition, saturated with fatty, fried, smoked, spicy food.
- Heredity. The lack of enzymes in the intestine is sometimes transmitted at the genetic level, as well as a predisposition to the emergence of IBD.
- Dysbacteriosis, disturbance of normal microflora in the intestine. This leads to the multiplication of pathogenic bacteria and the occurrence of diseases of the mucosa of this organ.
- Poor blood circulation in the intestinal wall, atherosclerotic changes.
- Autoimmune processes in which the immune system produces antibodies against intestinal cells, which causes inflammation in this organ.
The basic knowledge on the topic of inflammation of the bowel symptoms and the treatment of this disease will help in time to notice its development and seek help. This disease is divided into species in the place of origin of the focus: duodenitis( inflammation of the duodenum), enteritis( small intestine disease), colitis( colonic disease), mesadenitis( inflammation of the lymph nodes), proctitis( inflammatory process on the mucosa).
The duration of an IBD can be acute or chronic. If the cause of this disease are bacteria, viruses or protozoa, it is of an infectious nature and is called an acute intestinal infection. If inflammation occurs against other causes, the disease is classified as non-infectious. The main signs of inflammation of the intestine in women and men are similar. IBD causes the following symptoms:
- Pressing pain in the abdominal area, the location of the localization is difficult to determine. The cause of pain is a spasm of the muscles of the intestine.
- Nausea after eating.
- Vomiting after meals.
- Flatulence, indicating a lack of enzymes in the body.
- Problems with stools in the form of diarrhea occur with acute intestinal infection, and with problems in the large intestine may be constipation.
- Weight loss is often associated with inflammation of the small intestine and is the result of impaired absorption of nutrients.
- Anemia. It develops with a low level of hemoglobin in the blood, which occurs when iron is poorly absorbed from the diseased intestine.
- Increased temperature.
To which doctor should
be treated. If problems with the intestines are necessary, consult a gastroenterologist. If the patient constantly feels discomfort and abdominal pain, then he should not seek a solution to this problem on his own, but it is better to visit a doctor. At the reception, the doctor will examine the patient and tell him the main points about inflammation of the bowel symptoms and treatment of this disease. Then he will send the patient to an additional examination, which will help to establish the most accurate diagnosis. After that, the doctor will prescribe medication, herbal preparations and give recommendations on the diet.
Diagnosis of the disease in adults and children
To correctly diagnose a disease, a gastroenterologist often sends patients to an additional examination. Using blood, stool and endoscopic methods, it is easy to identify and identify a hotbed of inflammation. An additional examination will help the specialist to establish a diagnosis and correctly select the treatment regimen. In children, the IBD manifests itself as NUK( ulcerative colitis) and Crohn's disease. NNK in the baby is accompanied by diarrhea and traces of blood in the stool.
An older child who has ulcerative colitis, often complains of spasms, abdominal pains and loose stools. Diagnosis of NNC is carried out with the help of rectal examination and palpation. Inflammation of the intestine in a child in the form of Crohn's disease, in which ulcers appear on the mucosa of the diseased organ, is manifested by frequent stools, pains. Diagnosis in this case is carried out with the help of a colonoscopy, endoscopy, irrigoscopy, palpation. Let us consider in more detail the laboratory and other methods used to detect IBD.
Clinical blood test
A blood test is an obligatory laboratory examination that is prescribed by a doctor to a patient if there is a suspicion of an inflammatory process in the intestine. According to the values of ESR and the content of leukocytes in the bloodstream, the gastroenterologist will determine the degree of the disease. Their increased indices will tell the doctor about the inflammatory process occurring in the body.
To establish the correct diagnosis with IBD, the patient is referred for analysis of faeces. This examination will show whether the process of digestion in the body is right. The coprogram will help to identify the lack of enzymes for poorly digested food residues. Stool analysis is still able to identify the presence of helminths, which can be the cause of problems with the intestine.
Bacteriological examination of feces
If a suspected intestinal infection is made, a culture on the microflora is made. Bacteriological study of stool will help to identify pathogens in the intestine, identify these microorganisms, determine their sensitivity to antibiotics. If there is an infection, the doctor, on the basis of the analysis of the feces, will be able to prescribe effective drugs for the treatment of inflammation.
The study of the stomach with an endoscope is prescribed in some cases to confirm the diagnosis in IBD.In this case, the probe is injected into the patient's body through the mouth. The endoscope is a fiber optic tube equipped with a camera and lighting. With the help of fibroesophagogastroduodenoscopy, the mucous membrane of the stomach and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract are examined. If necessary, during this examination, take a part of the mucosa for histological examination.
With an IBD, a colonoscopy can be prescribed. This method of investigation is carried out using a device that consists of a flexible tube with a diameter of 1 cm, a length of 1.5 m and an optical device. In colonoscopy, the test is performed by inserting the endoscope through the rectum. In this case, the anus is pretreated with a dicalin ointment. This method of examination is used to assess the condition of the mucosa of the large intestine. Before colonoscopy, a thorough cleansing of the organ from the feces is performed with the help of an enema.
Video encapsulation endoscopy
The newest method of examination of the intestine is videocapsular endoscopy. In carrying out this type of examination, the patient swallows a special, disposable, sterile capsule that, when passed through the digestive tract, makes a lot of pictures. The doctor on the computer in real time sees the location of the video cassette. Such a study of the intestinal tract gives precise information about the state of its mucosa. The video capsule is removed from the body during the defecation in 24 hours.
Methods of treatment for inflammation of the intestine
Than to treat inflammation of the intestine in adults? After establishing an accurate diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe effective therapy to eliminate IBD.Depending on the degree of the development of the disease, various medicinal preparations, enzymes, phyto-tea can be prescribed. For treatment to be effective, a patient with IBD needs to follow a special diet. In parallel with the medicines under the VKZ, folk remedies can be used, but only after consultation with the doctor.
When IBD is prescribed therapy, which is aimed at eliminating the main cause of the disease. If it consists in the defeat of the body by pathogenic bacteria, the patient is presumed to take antibiotics. When helminthic invasion, anthelminthic tablets( albendazole, piperazine) are prescribed. If the cause of IBD is autoimmune, then immunosuppressants are prescribed for treatment.
To reduce the manifestation of pain, spasms and / or bloating, common in patients with IBD, symptomatic therapy is used. To do this, use antispasmodics, defoamers and other drugs in the form of tablets, suppositories, tinctures, which can temporarily alleviate the patient's condition during the treatment of inflammation. So, to eliminate increased gas formation, espumizan is used, and to remove spasms - no-shpu. And after taking antibiotics, rehabilitation is carried out, aimed at restoring the intestinal microflora with special preparations.
For successful treatment of this disease, it is necessary to remove inflammation in the intestine. For this purpose, anti-inflammatory drugs and sorbents that bind toxins are used. Pathogenetic therapy of IBD includes also drugs containing enzymes. Such medications include Mezim, Pancreatin, which helps reduce the load on the diseased organ of the digestive system.
Properly organized nutrition in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases is of great importance. What should be a diet for inflammation of the intestine? To quickly cure the disease, you need to eat dishes that reduce the burden on the mucous membrane of the diseased organ. Medical recommendations on the topic "Inflammation of the bowel symptoms and effective treatment" recommend that food with IBD be fractional - 5-6 times a day. The patient's menu should be saturated with proteins, and fats and carbohydrates should be reduced in it.
When IBD in the diet is advised to include vegetables, fruits, lean meat, black bread, dairy products with reduced fat content. You can not eat fried, smoked, spicy dishes. It's better to cook food for a sick person, cook for a couple. Especially useful in this disease are foods saturated with potassium, calcium. With IBD, you should reduce the daily intake of salt to 6-8 g. A person with inflammation of the intestine should drink 2 liters of water daily. Below is a list of recommended dishes and products with TCD:
- low-fat soups;
- vegetable decoctions;
- juices, which contain tanning components;
- dishes from veal, lean beef;Chicken cutlets, meatballs, souffle;
- fish dishes;
- cheese, cottage cheese with low fat content.
Some plants have medicinal properties that perfectly help to fight inflammation of the intestines of different nature. Traditional medicine has a variety of prescription drugs for the treatment of this disease. Many patients experienced the healing effect of taking such natural remedies. The following drugs from the plant components will help cure the IBD:
- Pour 200 ml of boiling water mixture made from 1 teaspoon. Herbs of chamomile, sage, centaury. Insist. Take every 2 hours a whole day, which is 8 times a day. Eat for 3 months.
- Make the onion juice by grinding the plant and straining the resulting gruel through the cheesecloth. Drink the product for 1 tsp. Before meals 3-4 times a day. This drug is good for constipation, colitis.
- Prepare a herbal mixture of 60 g of buckthorn root, 10 g of fennel and anise, 20 g of licorice root.1 tbsp. L mixed dry plants pour 200 ml of boiling water. Insist 1/2 hour. Use in the morning, in the evening for 200 ml.
Where to treat intestinal inflammation
To recognize inflammation of the intestines at the initial stage and quickly get rid of this ailment, it is necessary to consult a gastroenterologist for advice if there is constant discomfort in the abdomen. Where is the disease treated in Moscow and St. Petersburg? In the capital and other cities, gastroenterologists in qualified polyclinics, medical centers, private clinics provide qualified medical assistance.
Cost of treatment
How much does the treatment of bowel diseases in Moscow, St. Petersburg cost?
- Consultation of a specialist in medical centers will cost 1300-6000 rubles.
- Diagnosis of the disease with the help of laboratory studies of medical analyzes is in the range of 250-1000 rubles.
- Endoscopic examination will cost 3,000-4,000 rubles.
In some medical centers, there is an opportunity to call a doctor at home and conduct the test delivery without leaving your apartment. The price of such services is in the range of 3000-6000 rubles.
Video about inflammatory bowel diseases
IBD brings a lot of problems and strong discomfort to a person. Why does this disease occur, what are its symptoms? Interesting, informative videos on the topic: "Inflammation of the bowel symptoms and treatment" will provide answers to these and other questions about this disease of the gastrointestinal tract. The advice of specialists will help to find out what effective methods are used to get rid of the IBD.