And do you know what the luteal phase is? What is this we will discuss in detail in today's review.
In the body of completely healthy women of reproductive age, there are regular hormonal changes every month. In this case, the menstrual cycle is divided into three phases, each of which is of great importance.
Let's look at the influence of the luteal phase on the processes of egg formation and fertilization. And also we learn what to do in case of its insufficiency.
- 1 What is the menstrual cycle of
- 1 What is the menstrual cycle of
- 2 What is the luteal phase of
- 3 The length of the luteal phase of
- 4 Progesterone and normal parameters of
- 5 How to calculate the lutein phase of
- 6 How is luteal phase
- 7 manifested Diagnosis
- 8 Treatment
- 9 Prevention measures
What is the menstrual cycle
Menstruation begins to manifest itself during the childbearing age. It is a preparation for the fertilization of the egg, as well as for the qualitative and correct development and formation of the fetus within. So, from what phases does this cycle consist:
- Development of ovulation.
- Luteal phase of the cycle.
The length of the cycle can vary from 21-32 days. This number depends on individual health, hormonal background and physical activity. The first phase is particularly painful. Follicular occurs after cessation of bleeding. At this time, the synthesis of hormones. In this case, the ovaries produce estrogen, which promotes the renewal of the upper layers of the uterus.
After two weeks, the formed follicle will form, in which the egg will form and grow. When ovulation occurs, the follicle breaks down, and the egg becomes free and begins to move toward the uterus. The egg lives for a couple of days, and then the luteal phase develops.
Tip! Hormonal changes can have a negative effect on muscle tissue. If the ratio of progesterone and estradiol is disturbed, then severe pain in the tissues is observed.
What is the luteal phase of
The luteal phase is a period from the ovulation process to menstruation. At this time, a breakthrough of the follicle occurs. Cells collect the necessary components to form a yellow hue. It is the yellow body that carries out intensive production of estrogen, progesterone and androgen. In this case, the uterus is actively preparing for a possible pregnancy. If the fertilization process has occurred, the yellow body forms progesterone in the luteal phase until the placenta becomes the appropriate level.
The yellow body is formed from the walls of the bursted follicle. This results in a follicular fluid. Where there was a gap, a small blood clot forms. In this case, parts of the follicle gather into folds, and the tissues inside become large. In the cells, yellow lutein is collected. In this case, the walls of the follicle are transformed into luteal cells, and around it a whole network of capillaries is created, which ensures the process of feeding the gland.
When fertilizing an egg, it penetrates into the uterus. In this case, the yellow body begins to grow, and also produces hormones androgen and estradiol. They reduce the incidence of uterine contractions, and also prepare the mammary glands to form milk.
If conception does not happen, then the yellow body completes the production of the necessary hormones and the next bleeding begins. The activity of the gland secreting progesterone ends in a couple of days before the menstrual period. The period of this phase lasts about half a cycle.
Tip! All women need to monitor their health, as well as the regularity of the menstrual cycle and its individual phases.
Length of lutein phase
Finding out what is the luteal phase in women, you need to know its days. The length of this period is individual. The menstrual cycle is equal to a month, but the duration of this period is often equal to 14 days. In individual cases, the duration of the luteal phase varies from 12 to 16 days. This affects the functioning of the yellow body, as well as the work of the reproductive organs.
Normal indices depend on the functions of the body, the proper functioning of the organs and the level of allocation of the necessary components.
Advice! The length of the luteal period increases in the case of pregnancy, as well as with the formation of the cyst of the yellow body.
Progesterone and normal indices
The luteal phase is characterized by a significant hormone content of progesterone. At the same time, its rate varies within the range of 6.99-56-63 pmol / l. This hormone is simply necessary for the female body. At a certain time, it increases its number several times. If this does not happen, then this indicates a violation in the female body.
How to correctly calculate the lutein phase of
For correct calculations of this phase, you need to have an idea of how many days the menstrual cycle is carried out. It is recommended to conduct a special calendar, where the days of the month are marked.
The luteal phase passes from the time of the formation of a mature egg and until the beginning of a new period. At the same time, it takes about half a cycle.
To know it, you need to divide the days between the start of the monthly divisions by 2. The resulting value will indicate the day of ovulation. And the days between this period and the first day of the next monthly period will denote the duration of the luteal phase. For example, if the whole cycle passes for 28 days, then the phase is 14 days.
are marked. But this calculation is not always correct, because the cycle time can vary for various reasons. Ovulation can be on the 12-16 day of the cycle.
If the duration of this phase is less than 12 days, then its insufficiency is diagnosed. In this case, there may be problems with the conception of the child.
Tip! Find out the presence of the luteal phase will help to measure basal temperature. Thus measurements are carried out in a rectum. When ovulation it rises to 37 degrees. To find out more accurate data, you can make ultrasound diagnosis.
How the luteal phase of
is manifested The normal course of the luteal phase is necessary for successful fertilization. For the high-quality functioning of the reproductive system, it is extremely important that all the processes take place in strict sequence. If there is an increase or reduction of any function, this affects the ability to become pregnant. Most often, the cause of such failures is the insufficiency of the luteal phase.
Many women can not wait for long-awaited pregnancy due to violations in the yellow body. With a reduction in this period, progesterone can not reach the required level. If the luteal phase is completed very early, then the pregnancy hormone is not produced. A shortage of progesterone affects the process of formation of the epithelium, which does not mature to the appropriate level. In this case, even if the fertilized egg is attached to the uterus, the placenta will not ripen, which can lead to infertility or miscarriage.
The problem with the luteal phase can be recognized by such signs:
- Change in the menstrual cycle. The duration of bleeding decreases or increases. This may cause severe pain.
- At the beginning of the cycle, pinkish spotting is formed.
- It does not work for a long time to conceive a child.
So, let's note what causes can cause similar problems. Here they are:
- The pituitary and hypothalamus are broken, which can provoke such problems. And the cause of such processes can become a variety of infections, trauma and nerve overexertion.
- Failure in the functioning of endometrial receptors. This can occur with chronic inflammation, after the infection, after the formation of adhesions after abortion and with problems with the functioning of the thyroid gland.
- It can also have a negative effect on the phase of poor nutrition, metabolic problems, insufficient blood supply to the yellow body.
Tip! It is the inadequate duration of the luteal phase that can provoke the inability to become pregnant for a long time.
Special measures are used to confirm lutein deficiency. Here they are:
- The difference in basal temperature parameters between the phases of the cycle may indicate problems with the functioning of the reproductive system. This will allow us to track the decrease in the duration of this phase.
- With the help of ultrasound diagnostics you can see the dynamic processes in the follicles, the level of ovarian blood supply and the thickness of the endometrium. With this disease, there is a decrease in blood flow in the area of the yellow body.
- Analysis of hormones will detect a violation in the development of certain components.
- Endometrial biopsy allows you to determine how the hormonal background affects the receptors of the uterine surface.
A similar disease does not occur by itself. It indicates the presence in the body of some problems. First of all, it is necessary to identify the cause of this insufficiency.
. In case of problems with conception as a result of active development of prolactin and androgens, the main treatment is focused on the normalization of the hormonal system. If the reason is a decrease in the receptivity of the endometrium, then anti-inflammatory drugs and even antibiotics are prescribed.
Often for the restoration of the body used all sorts of methods of acupuncture, physiotherapy and vitamin therapy.
Treatment can be started after a precise diagnosis, which is performed with the help of tests and ultrasound. First of all, the methods of treatment are aimed at stimulating ovulation. In this case, hormonal non-steroid drugs are prescribed.
If you do not give proper attention to the treatment of luteal insufficiency, it can provoke infertility, frequent miscarriages, placental insufficiency and problems with the menstrual cycle.
Tip! For greater effectiveness of treatment it is necessary to avoid nervous experiences and stressful situations.
There are certain preventive measures that must be followed in the menstrual cycle. In this case, even the early stage of the disease can be determined by changing the cycle. It is necessary to visit the gynecologist 2 times a year and not to ignore the alarming signs.
To avoid infertility, it is necessary to properly treat all gynecological problems.
In addition, a healthy lifestyle influences the health of the female body. It is necessary to keep a balanced diet. At the same time, fats and carbohydrates should not exceed the norm, and it is also necessary to reduce the consumption of sweet, floury, as well as fatty and fried foods. The best solution is to consume foods rich in proteins. First of all, dairy products, meat and legumes. Sports are of great importance. At physical exertions, endorphins are produced, which have a positive effect on the nervous system and internal organs.
Tip! The cycle can be adjusted in two years, so it is so important to monitor any changes and deviations.
Careful monitoring of the course of the menstrual cycle will help to plan the pregnancy correctly.
. The correct determination of the luteal phase, as well as control over its condition, will preserve women's health for a long time. In addition, it will increase the chances of successful conception. Do not forget about timely treatment, which relieve a woman of many problems with the reproductive system.